Apparently I’ve been tagged with some sort of “Five Things You Didn’t Know About Me” meme. Now as anyone who knows me will tell you, I enjoy a good chain letter as much as the next guy, but I find I don’t really have the time to devote myself to proper chain letter distribution. Fortunately, this is what office assistants are for. To avoid the horrific, carefully documented tragedies that befall those who ignore the call to “copy and send” (ie. Laura Blinkenstein from Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania disregarded the chain letter she received. Three years later, her cousin’s husband ran out of gas on the way to work and had to contact Roadside Assistance. Incredible but true.), I keep Lawren fairly busy, mailing out hundreds of these chain letters a day. “But, Joe,”I imagine you saying, “HOw do you possibly come up with hundreds of potential daily targets?“ Well, let’s just say I’m resourceful (Incidentally, to all those angry fans sending me hate mail, please make sure to include a return address with all correspondence. Thanks in advance.). Between the painstaking copying out of the chain letters (I told Lawren that I preferred the more personal, hand-written touch to the inhuman convenience of the photocopier) and the seemingly endless trip so the post office, it’s a wonder the guy has time for actual Stargate-related duties.

Anyhoo, getting back to the “this is not a chain letter” meme, here are Five Things You Didn’t Know About Me:

1) When I was very young, I was diagnosed with severe allergies to: dogs, feathers, and dusts. Today, in a miracle to rival that cheese danish in the likeness of the Virgin Mary, I own dogs, use feather pillows, and spend most of my days in dusty environments with no ill effects (!).

2) Growing up, my preferred morning meal was comprised of powdered doughnuts, nutella, and milk – the breakfast of champions.

3) I couldn’t tell a Whitney Houston song from a Christina Aguilera song from a Mariah Carey song (feel free to replace any of the names in the preceding sentences with the following: Celine Dion, Beyonce, Shakira).

4) I almost drowned as a kid and, as a result, possessed a deep-seeded fear of deep water until the age thirteen when I finally learned to swim.

5) I sleep with a minimum of three pillows.

If this was a chain letter, Lawren would already be hard at work, copying out the dire warnings in his elegant script. But since this is a meme and I’m uncertain of the formalities, I’ll go with my gut. If you’re reading this blog entry, consider yourselves tagged.

T.V. question of the night. So, I watched Grey’s Anatomy last night with Fondy and, at one point, George learns that his new wife Callie is an heiress seriously flush with cash. When he confronts about keeping this fact a secret, her response is something along the lines of “I don’t tell people because it always changes their opinion of me.” or something to that effect. Okay, a bit of suspect reasoning given that she is the guy’s wife and you’d think they’d be past that point but whatever. My questions for those who watch the show (actually, Lawren’s question as he was the one who brought this to my attention at lunch today): If Callie is so rich, then why was she living in the hospital basement in season two?

Just finished reading: Childhood’s End. Reading: A Wizard of Earthsea. On deck: World War Z.

Mail call –

Anonymous #1 writes: “Earlier in the month, you made a mention to Lorne. How many episodes do you think Kavan Smith will be appearing in, and will there be a conflict again with him appearing in The 4400?”

Answer: Not sure how many he’ll be appearing in. And, so far, we haven’t run into any conflicts with The 4400.

Zabadoo writes: “How hard is it to get a job in a production studio in Vancouver?”

Answer: To be perfectly honest, I haven’t a clue. I’ve only been working on one production the whole 7+ years I’ve been in Vancouver.

Anonymous #2 writes: “Will you bring the ancient warship Tria back in season 4?”

Answer: Maybe.

Vaberella writes: “So is there anything else you like, besides chocolate, but can be shipped just as easily?”

Answer: While I appreciate the gifts, it is unnecessary to send me anything. Your comments on this blog and the occasional scathingly critical letters are thanks enough.

Rednikki writes: “The condemned man is supposed to get whatever last meal he wishes for. If you were in that position, what meal would you choose?”

Answer: I’ll take Diva at the Met’s DC Burger: a house made beef patty topped with braised short rib, wild mushroom ragout, seared foie gras, and truffle aioli served with gaufrette chips and onion rings. For dessert: the sticky toffee pudding with double vanilla ice cream from Caffe de Medici and enough Chocoatl chocolates to kill me before my execution.

Anonymous #3 writes: “ The “joke” about freedom of speech in Canada wearing a bit thin for this particular Canadian. Once was enough, twice is moving towards stupid, three times would be offensive.”

Answer: I apologize and am thankful I stopped short of actually offending any Canadians. By the way, speaking of the Canadian Constitution, did you know that a little known subsection prohibits Canadians from wearing socks on Sundays? That’s where the saying “Sockless as a Canadian on Sunday” comes from. True story.

Kiwigater writes: “Hmmm, well, I think I spot Martin’s problem…. he’s trying to drink a candle for a start.”

Answer: Yes. At the point that particular picture was taken, Martin was eight drinks in (including two candle wax shots).

Paula writes: “So how was Martin feeling by the afternoon?”

Answer: Hard to tell. He wouldn’t wake up.

Anonymous #4 writes: “How do you feel about the participation of so many crew and cast members from the Stargate franchise in Damian Kindler’s new avant garde series […] You’ve avoided answering at least one question already about your feelings on the matter…”

Answer: I feel fine about it. As for answering questions about the project in question, I can’t really offer much insight as I really don’t know much about it.

Iamza writes: “Have there ever been times when a scene in your script has played out on screen completely differently from the way you’d imagined it?”

Answer: More times than I can count. But it would be IRRESPONSIBLE of me to point to any particular episodes.

Sannsong writes: “Can we expect to find that there are similar allies in Pegasus that might be of help to Atlantis?”

Answer: Oh, yeah. Check out season four.

Anonymous #5 writes: “Playback Magazine has RDA listed as a cast member of Continuum, and one of the select few traveling to the Arctic for your special shoot next week. Can you confirm this?”

Answer: Yes, I can confirm that Playback Magazine has listed RDA as a cast member of Continuum.

56 thoughts on “March 16, 2007

  1. Joe,

    I have 3 Questions today.
    1) About the Cello scene in “Unending,” Does Amanda Tapping know how to play cello? If so, how good is she?
    2) How many episodes will Beau Bridges be in for Atlantis Season 4? Which episodes?
    3) Any chance of having Brad’s “lost” script for “Judgment” (The final chapter of the Aschen Trilogy) seeing the light of day, so us, the fans, can see what it would look like if it had been produced?

    Thanks again. You like my display picture (I just had to ask it)?

  2. Joe,

    Is it true that test audiences were used during season 3 Atlantis, and if so, did the results of those test afect any changes you’ve made for season 4?

    A Curious Fan

  3. I have returned from my vacation + work conference in Colorado. Prepare yourself for more of my ridiculous questions and flights of fancy.

    That is all…

  4. Thanks for answering my question Joe concerning the ancient warship Tria. One of the main reasons I like to watch SGA is because of the superb special effects of space ships and space fights you and the boys from Rainmaker produce, really hats off. I was wondering if a fan like myself will get his fill in season 4 regarding that apect.

    Thanks

    Your montreal fan

  5. On the subject of Canadian law, in Canada it is a criminal offense to alarm the Queen. One who alarms the Queen is charged with the aptly named offense: “alarming the Queen”. Sometimes reality is more absurd than fiction.

    On the subject of questions about the show that press you for more information than you are willing to give (seriously, I think you should just do an answer-everything-Copernicus-ever-asked day sometime), will we ever see Wraith Worshipers again?

  6. If you had a chance to write for any show currently on TV (other than Stargate) what would it be? And what would you pitch?

  7. Have you ever tried a Nutella and peanut putter sandwich? It’s sweet but heavnly.

  8. I really enjoyed “A Wizard of Earthsea”, what did you think of it? The second is actually my favorite in that series.

    Royal

  9. Hey man, why no mention of Ernest Littlefield in Moebius? And why did the Nox disappear from the Stargate Universe?

  10. Oh, very tricky Joe (re: RDA). See, that’s why I always double check my questions to make sure you can’t get out of it.

    And GASP! You’ve made fun of the Canadian constitution 3 times!! As a Canadian, I am definately offended for some reason. Yes, you’ll be hearing from my lawyer for the emotional damage you have inflicted upon me from those gross insults!

    Yeah, right.

    While I’m randomly discussing the topics in your blog, I might as well reveal that I, too, almost drowned when I was little (5, to be exact), and I’m still afraid of swimming, unfortunately (I’m 19).

    Finally, a question: Can you drop a hint on what the mid-season 2 parter is about? If so, what are these hints?

  11. Have you ever had Kobe beef? I was wondering if it is worth the hype.

    Have you ever actually been in episode, like in the background, or crowd?

    Vancouver is a beautiful place and I hope to sometime come up again for a firework show which I hear is pretty cool.

    Have a good weekend!

  12. Thanks for once again ignoring questions about Weir.

    This looks like a case where actions speak louder than words. By ignoring every reference to her, you’re basically saying that you don’t have much in store for her. You’re just too chickenshit to say it.

    Very, very sad.

    I hope that Torri gets the massive support she deserves at the convention, and the TPTB realise how much people love her and her character.

    Count me among the people who won’t be watching your show without her.

  13. Hi Joe:

    It looks as if you have received fair warning about Alarming the Queen. No mooning the Royal person, now.

    You must be a very fast reader to polish those books off so quickly. What did you think of Childhood’s End? I read that book and a few other Arthur C. Clarke novels several years ago. I have found him interesting. But it is difficult to pick up the rhythm of his writing, initially. What do you think?

    Have a great day.

    Patricia

  14. OK, let’s try it this way. Playback Magazine has RDA listed as a cast member of Continuum, and one of the select few traveling to the Arctic for your special shoot next week. Can you confirm whether this is, in fact, true, or just a rumor? To be even more specific, is RDA going to the Arctic to shoot for the movie. Is it officially a done deal that Rick will be in Continuum?

    Thanks.

  15. “Sockless as a Canadian on Sunday”

    LOL!

    But it would be IRRESPONSIBLE of me to point to any particular episodes.

    You’re funny.

    Well, you got me. I continued the meme (on my own blogspot, of course). Memes are great boredom fighters…and occasionally actually interesting.

  16. 1) When I was very young, I was diagnosed with severe allergies to: dogs, feathers, and dusts.

    4) I almost drowned as a kid and, as a result, possessed a deep-seeded fear of deep water until the age thirteen when I finally learned to swim.

    5) I sleep with a minimum of three pillows.

    3 out of 5 ain’t bad. I have been equated to being a 15 year old boy in a 26+ woman’s body, but maybe I’m much older than 15.

    1)I’m the queen of allergies, I went to an allergist, who said to me, “Oh yeah, you’re allergic to everything. Why didn’t you come sooner?!” Apparently, I may be one step from a bubble. 😀

    2)Almost drowned too. Still afraid of water, I think in a past life I drowned. I don’t like the large bodies of water to this day.

    3)I’ve got four pillows. I win! 😀

    While I appreciate the gifts, it is unnecessary to send me anything. Your comments on this blog and the occasional scathingly critical letters are thanks enough.
    I post to you here. I don’t send ‘scathingly critical’ remarks, I like SGA and the stories too much.

    Characterization I have problems with but that’s for another time.

    As for sending a letter…do you have any idea how much postage is? I’m using my Uni’s mailroom to send the sweeties, (I’m President of the Graduate Economics Club) I get access to admin stuff. 😀 Yes, I do refer to Madame President.
    —————————-

    On a whole other wave length and probably due to lack of sleep. I have a thought, that currently is not so crazy (but tomorrow might prove differently). It consists of your opinion.

    1)What do you think of bringing James Earl Jones as Teyla’s dad? He’s still looking fit, and he’s well seasoned in scifi.

    2)Magic 8 ball me—Now that I tossed out that idea, it’s been seeded—is there a chance it will plant…Meaning, any chance of JEJ? Or is it too early to tell?

    Latas.

  17. how much does time does it usually take to do the post production for a season in Stargate atlantis

  18. If you are able to i was wondering if you could share exactly what it is about Irresponsible that irks you so much about the end product? I’ve seen you mention it a couple of times and wondered what exactly was different from your script to what i saw on the television.

    I have to be honest and say it wasn’t my favourite Atlantis episode.

  19. Oh. Nutella. Food of the gods! (Wonderful childhood memories of Nutella.)

    Five things you didn’t know about me are easy, since you don’t know me at all!
    1. I work for the Bioterrorism Preparedness Program at the CDC.
    2. You’re obsessed with food. I’m obsessed with Star Wars books. (You didn’t ask about normal things.)
    3. My mother is from Switzerland. The Swiss have more wacky laws than the Canadians and Americans do.
    4. While visiting my grandmother in Montreux one summer, we had tea next to Miles Davis, Eric Clapton and Phil Collins.
    5. I have a black lab who would probably squish your dogs. (She’s not terribly graceful.)

    Okay. So my really tough question, should you choose to answer it: My parents will be visiting this week and can’t have salt. What meal should I prepare for them that doesn’t fall into the oatmeal category?

  20. Wow – not a lot of comments today.

    There used to be a lot of Stargate SG-1 episodes on YouTube and other media sites, then suddenly there aren’t. Did MGM sue or something?

    Also, I was watching season three’s Demons, and seeing as they’re a Mideval village based about the same time as when the King Arthur legends were running rampant, could that be an Ancient-founded village?

  21. Joe,
    My favorite “villans” on Atlantis are the Genii. Any chance we will see Kolya back in Season 4.

    Also, can’t tell you how excited I am to read this morning that RDA will be in the second movie! Here’s hoping he is the star and not just making a cameo.

  22. Joe,

    I’m not sure you have anything to do with it, but my family (who forced me to come upstairs and type this) wants to thank you for SG-1 continuing with movies, especially now that RDA has been confirmed to be back. My little girl loves the Jack/Sam stuff, and my son can’t stop laughing whenever Jack and Teal’c are boxing/playing pingpong, etc. They both want me to ask if RDA will also be appearing in the first movie as well. So, consider yourself asked.

    Many Thanks,
    Robert Timison (and family)

  23. Thanks for playing along, Joe. What a good sport you are.

    Oh, and #2…yeah, that explains SO much. 😉

    KJC (who was also once allergic to feathers and sleeps with three pillows — and a cat on top of her head)

  24. No question this time, just wanted to wish you a Happy St. Patrick’s day before I dig into the soda bread and bacon buddies.

  25. You said
    Answer: Yes, I can confirm that Playback Magazine has listed RDA as a cast member of Continuum.

    Oh wow, let’s slink into Rodney McKay mode … Let’s rephrase that, Is RDA a cast member of Continuum?

  26. Hi Joe,
    Thanks for answering my Restaurant
    question, I went back there the other night and had a much better experience. Speaking of restaurants, if you could name a Stargate-themed restaurant (such as Ori Burgers), what would it be?

  27. Oh, I suppose I should go 5 things too…
    1) When I was young, I was allergic to bee stings, pollen, and cats. I still am!

    2) I enjoy watching Alton Brown’s Good Eats on Food Network

    3) I enjoy music ranging from 1950s to 1980s, don’t really care for current music (Maybe I was born a few decades too late…)

    4) I tried playing water polo for a few years – rough sport

    5) I sleep with 2 or 3 pillows. There’s a body pillow on the side too sometimes…so does that make 3 to 4?

  28. Hi Joe,

    1. I was wondering if the “big event” at the beginning of Unending had been planned for years and pushed back/forward during the series development or if it developed during the writing of the episode?

    2. Any chance of seeing Asgard in the movies, as a hologram or otherwise?

    3. Will Teal’c remain gray and clearly older and will his age play a part in the movies to come?

    Thanks a lot in advance for taking the time to answer!

  29. I have a question for you since I’ve just finished watching Vengeance, but it’s a question that has bothered me about Stargate for years. Did your military advisor ever tell you that the reason there are two dog tags is that one is suppose to remain with the body — usually pushed down the throat? Or did the military change their rules so they are actually wasting money having two for each soldier. Each time I watch one of our team yank the chain and pocket both dog tags, this question comes up.

  30. Joe,

    can these who are not necessarily fans of RDA/O’Neill be assured that his appearance in the “Stargate: Continuum” will be the cameo type only? If it’s bigger than that I’m seriously considering NOT BUYING this particular DVD, even if I love another characters, especially Vala and Daniel, for whom I want as many shippy moments in the movies as possible 🙂

  31. Hi Joe!
    Will Sheppard still be the military commander of Atlantis in season 4, or will he just be leading the primary SGA team?
    Thank you!

  32. He shoots, he scores!!! Awesome news about RDA Joe. Keep up the good work, I’m lovin it.

  33. Hi Joe,

    Thanks for your answer (re: Irresponsible) — it left me chuckling. I’d send along some chocolates, but apparently that’s no longer required. 🙂

  34. Hi Joe!

    Well, I haven’t GA s3 yet, but yeah you’re right, it’s strange that Callie lived in the hospital basement… But maybe she had an argument with her family, or something to that extend…

    Otherwise, I have a question for you. Actually, I was wondering this for quite some time and I had completely forgotten to ask you this. Had you ever watched DPB’s JAG? Because it’s strange, two of your Atlantis s4 eps names, Lifeline and Adrift are eps names for JAG s6…

    Oh and I agree with what you said in a previous post House and Boston Legal are love!

  35. Hello Joe.
    In last episode of SG1, we saw that the humans receive Asgard technology,and the oddyssey asgards weapon.
    This upgrade will be appear in season 4 of SGA?
    For example the daedalus or appolo with laser,or the arrival of oddyssey on atlantis.

  36. Joe, you said a few days ago that you don’t watch The Dresden Files. But next Sunday’s (March 25th) episode is a MUST WATCH, here there is the description from Space Channel:

    9:00 PM
    The Dresden Files: The Other Dick: 110
    (PG)
    When Chicago PI Jim Brennan is murdered by supernatural means, Harry must team up with Brennan’s assistant to find the murderer. Claudia Black guest stars.

  37. Will RDA be on the actual mission with the team in Contiuum or will he just be part of the alternate timeline? We fans are just trying to figure out whether we should buy these things or not, Joe, not trying to be difficult. Two years ago I would have bought them without thinking, but now I need more info. Will Jack be leading his team or not?

  38. But it would be IRRESPONSIBLE of me to point to any particular episodes.

    Well, to be honest, Irresponsible was the only episode I didn’t like in season 3 🙂

    I didn’t have problems with Irresistible. I don’t like Lucius, but that episode had nice character moments, especially for Sheppard.

    However seeing Lucius in a second episode was way to much for me 🙂

    Anyway, that wasn’t the main point. My main problem with Irresponsible is what happens to Kolya. No offense intended, Joe, but I think that after all that happened in previous episodes between Shep and Kolya, especially after the events in Common Ground, that particular story line deserved a dark and dramatic episode, not a comedic one.

    Just my opinion, of course.

    I still hope that somehow Kolya will be back and gets the end he deserves.

  39. Question, though perhaps you might not have the answer, but when actors are cast for a show like SG-1 or Atlantis, what kind of background and/or education do you think is most helpful? I mean, what do ya’ll look for? Am I making sense?

  40. Farscapefan said…

    Joe,

    can these who are not necessarily fans of RDA/O’Neill be assured that his appearance in the “Stargate: Continuum” will be the cameo type only? If it’s bigger than that I’m seriously considering NOT BUYING this particular DVD, even if I love another characters, especially Vala and Daniel, for whom I want as many shippy moments in the movies as possible 🙂

    Joe,

    Can those who are MASSIVE fans of RDA/O’Neill and have missed him desperately over the last two years be assured that his appearance in “Stargate: Continuum” will NOT be the cameo type only? If it’s SMALLER than that I’m seriously considering NOT BUYING this particular DVD even though I love other characters. I can handle some Vala and Daniel as part of the team but hope that the shippy moments are kept to a respectable level…and am equally hopeful of some kind of resolution for the Jack/Sam arc…pretty please with nutella on top.

    Mary Beth 🙂

    [who knows you have no specific say in ANY of the above but couldn’t help herself]

  41. Dear Mr. Mallozzi,

    It has been mentioned in Stargate atlantis episode sunday by Dr.Zalenka that he was playing chess for YOUR anime collection. Do you really like Anime, if so, what is your favorite? My second question is concerning the furlings, will they be present in the future….SGA season 4 or the SG1 movies?

    Thank you very much,

    Your Moroccan fan…. yes we do get your tv show there in a third world country

  42. Regarding your “Grey’s Anatomy” question about if Callie was so rich then why was she living in the hospital basement…..good question! Hmmmm….I normally have this show on in the background while doing other stuff so if there is a definitive answer I missed it, but I can offer my own personal theory. Maybe she came into the money sometime between living in the basement and hooking up with George? And while we’re on the subject of Grey’s…..a lot of people credit Patrick Dempsey with the best hair on TV. Not so…..for my money Joe Flanigan does! Joe’s hair ROCKS!

  43. Joey, buddy, listen:

    Please, please, please throw bags and bags of money at RDA. Convince him to stop by for Ark of Truth as well as Contiuum. It’s all about Jack. Sorry, but it’s true.
    Bags and bags.

  44. joe mallozzi said:
    Answer: Yes, I can confirm that Playback Magazine has listed RDA as a cast member of Continuum.

    *whacks joe* … *gives joe chocolate*

    you make me giggle. :p 😀

    SUPER happy that mr. richard dean anderson is going to be in ‘Continuum’!

    sally 😀

  45. Wow, I can’t believe there’s someone out there who doesn’t want RDA in as much Stargate as possible!

    Like Uberamandafan I too am a MASSIVE Jack fan and am thrilled that he’ll be in the second movie. In fact, I hope he’s in the Ark of Truth movie too. And season four of Atlantis. Hey, that’s a good question.

    Joe, any chance of RDA doing a guest spot or three on Atlantis this season? He was great last year, especially with Bob Picardo, who I loved on Voyager. He’s a bit of a foodie, too. I met him at a convention last year and he talked about how much fun he had filming the stuff with RDA in the tank. Ooh, there’s another question. Joe, will Bob Picardo’s Woolsey be back in either the movies or Atlantis?

    This turned out longer than I intended, but thanks.

    38Trekker

  46. Joe,

    Your question about Callie reminds me of a similar situation on ER in which Carter came from big money, yet hid that fact from many of his friends at the hospital. I think Callie and Carter may be downlplaying their families’ wealth as a means to stand on their own two feet, so to speak, and make it on their own merit, not make it because everyone knows who their parents are.

    In a similar vein, might we learn more about Sheppard’s family? He did mention he’d been playing golf since he was six. That sounds kind of old money-ish.

  47. a “meme” is nOT a chain letter. those letters are just there to annoy people with nonsense. Meme can be funny, entertaining and really interesting. you learn more about the person who writes the blog. and if there’s no blog, there’s no meme. and even if you get taged with a meme you don’t really have to do it (like I won’t do this one ;)). it’s just an excuse for other people to do the meme^^

    1) When I was very young, I was diagnosed with severe allergies to: dogs, feathers, and dusts.

    well I had the dust thing to oh and asthma.. at least that’s my motehr said. Sometiems I wonder if she just made it up…

  48. Jack!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Jack is made of awesome.

  49. Joe, as for Callie, she mentioned that she was living in the basement because that way she could always have the best cases, she was always there first thing in the morning. She spoke to the Chief about it when he “discovered” her.

  50. Anonymous said…
    Thanks for once again ignoring questions about Weir.

    This looks like a case where actions speak louder than words. By ignoring every reference to her, you’re basically saying that you don’t have much in store for her. You’re just too chickenshit to say it.

    Very, very sad.

    I hope that Torri gets the massive support she deserves at the convention, and the TPTB realise how much people love her and her character.

    Count me among the people who won’t be watching your show without her.

    No. Chickenshit is posting abusive messages on someone’s blog and not even having the guts to sign your name to it, “Anonymous”.

    crazymom said…
    What is Nutella, anyway?

    Hazelnut-flavoured choclate spread. Diabetic coma in a sandwich. 🙂

  51. for those asking about RDA in Continnum, just check (and bookmark) his site!

    http://www.rdanderson.com/updates/news.htm#sgmovie

    March 5, 2007
    “And here, for you: I have agreed to play with the kids in Vancouver, again,
    in the form of a movie which we hope will stand on its own. In other words,
    I’ll be doing Brad’s movie; don’t know how much or how little, but I’m in.”

    Meanwhile, yes, to reiterate a few other folks’ requests, when are we going to see some real background on Sheppard? In particular, the father that was mentioned in the SciFi bio.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.